Lactobacillus organisms are normal inhabitants of the digestive tract and essential for overall health.They each have a role in supporting the many physiological functions that take place which help to keep us alive. Lactic acid bacteria are gram-positive and non-spore forming, fermentative bacteria that grow anaerobically. However, not all probiotics are alike or work in the same way.
Uniquely, the growth and storage medium of Symprove has been developed to maintain both metabolic activity and shelf life, and the live, actively dividing bacteria are presented in optimal condition for quickly establishing in the human gastrointestinal tract.
Your microbiome and the gut flora connection Gut flora are microorganisms that normally live in the digestive tract. The average human body consists of about ten trillion bacterial cells, and outnumber human cells by 10 to 1. The majority reside in the gut and have a total mass of around 1 kilo with the rest of the microbes’ resident in the nose, mouth, vagina and skin. This mix of microbial cells and genes are known collectively as the microbiome, and have beneficial roles in fostering health, as well as offering vital help with basic physiological processes.
Bacteria make up most of the flora in the colon and research shows that the relationship between gut flora and humans, is not merely commensal, but rather a symbiotic relationship. Some of these bacteria possess genes that encode for beneficial compounds the body cannot make on its own, producing vitamins such as biotin and vitamin K for the host. Microbes also ferment unused energy substrates, regulate the development of the gut, and produce hormones to direct the host to store fats. They also train the immune system and play a crucial role in host defence, preventing the growth of pathogenic species. Researchers have made good progress in charting the characterisation of many of these prevalent species of microbes in the body, and have begun to identify the specific effects these residents may have.
In 2008, the Human Microbiome Project was established to characterise the nature of this ecosystem, with one of its goals being to explore the relationship between disease and changes in the human microbiome. This has been an enormously difficult task as many species of bacterial cells in the intestine, do not survive well outside the environment of the gut. To get around this problem, researchers have been studying the DNA and RNA (genetic coding) found within a microbe, rather than the entire cell itself, to determine the sequence of this gene. They found that each commensal bacteria, has its own signature (known as the 16S ribosomal RNA gene), that codes for a particular RNA molecule found in the protein-making machinery of cells. This discovery is helping to build a picture of what’s living inside us, and to catalogue the entire human microbiome.
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